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Can a Dental Implant Dentist Perform Bone Graft Surgery?
Many patients visit a dental implant dentist to get dental implants for tooth restoration. To support an implant, patients must have enough bone density in their jaw. If this is not the case, bone graft surgery may be recommended.
Who can perform bone graft surgery?
Bone graft surgery is a complex procedure that demands in-depth knowledge of bone biology, tissue management, and techniques. The surgery is best performed by dentists who have formal training in the procedure and perform it regularly. A dental implant dentist typically fits this criterion. They undergo extensive training and experience to handle surgical procedures and potential complications.
What does bone grafting entail?
To place an implant, there must be enough bone at the site of placement for anchorage. Adequate bone mass helps ensure that the dental restoration will have enough stability to function correctly. Bone regeneration via grafting boosts the bone’s volume at the socket of the lost tooth. Essentially, bone grafting is a surgery that builds the mass of the jawbone by fusing donor bone to existing bone tissue.
Bone loss is one of the common consequences of tooth loss, especially when a tooth has been lost for years. To preserve its volume, the bone requires constant stimulation provided by pressure on the tooth’s roots. Once a tooth is lost and the root is gone, the stimulation stops, and the bone volume starts to diminish.
By augmenting the bone volume through grafting, patients who have one or more missing teeth can enjoy the benefit of getting dental implants for tooth restoration. The implant post placed inside the jawbone fuses with bone tissues and provides the stimulation required for bone growth and health.
During the surgery, the oral surgeon will create an incision along the gum line to reveal the underlying bone structure. The bone material will be placed carefully into the tooth socket. The surgeon will decide whether to place the implant immediately or allow the bone to heal and will place a membrane over the area before suturing closed the incision.
What are the types of bone grafts?
These are three common options available for a bone graft:
- Autologous – The bone used for the graft surgery is taken from another area of the patient’s body, usually from the chin or sometimes the hipbone.
- Allograft – These bone graft materials come from cadavers, often stored in bone banks.
- Synthetic – These grafts are artificial and generally made from materials that are biocompatible with the natural bone.
Who is eligible for bone graft surgery?
Anyone with diminished bone density in the upper and lower jaw may be recommended to undergo bone graft surgery. Patients should be in good health and must not be living with any ailment or medical condition that may compromise the effectiveness of the oral surgery procedure or recovery.
During the consultation with the dental implant dentist, patients can learn about the risks and benefits of the procedure so that they can set realistic expectations for the surgery. They should realize that undergoing bone graft surgery will further extend the time required to complete the implant tooth restoration process.
A dental implant dentist often has the qualifications to perform the bone graft surgery as part of the implantation process. To learn whether you will need bone grafts to get a dental implant, book an appointment for a consultation.
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